If you decide to build a wooden house, bath, or other premises, you should not only choose the appropriate material, but also how to soak it with all sorts of preparations. To protect the raw materials for construction from various harmful insects and natural influences, it is recommended to use all sorts of compositions for wood.
No matter how strong and durable the wood species is, you should not rely only on its natural qualities. Before you use wood for your needs, it must be treated with many means. This is necessary because the tree has the ability to deteriorate under the influence of very many factors. For example: if you systematically expose wood to “water procedures”, such as rain or snow, it will begin to absorb moisture, not letting it through itself, but accumulate like a sponge. Then begins to rot. From the very beginning, it is not very noticeable, because the tree begins to decompose from the middle. Of course, it is possible to get rid of the internal composition when laying wood, but this will spoil the quality of the wood raw material. Therefore, it is worth putting on the timber those preparations that will have a water-repellent effect.
To limit the possibility of combustion, use a flame retardant for wood. Since the tree is not very resistant to fire, it can be secured by the method of treatment with special preparations - flame retardants. These solutions consist of phosphate / boron salt, and some substances that protect the outer shell of the tree. Such preparations can be applied at any time. There is no special time limit. This can be done when the tree is only prepared, dried, and stored before laying. Or when a house has already been built from it.
Due to the fact that the composition of the wood are suitable for the propagation of microbes and fungi substances, it is subject to destruction from their side. In order for such a trouble to occur, a biochemical treatment of the raw material should be carried out. Such events are held at the stage of drying and harvesting of wood. Preparations are applied inside the tree, as well as on the outer shell. Thus, there is a protective effect, there is no risk of penetration and development of various microbes.
Wood processing and protection
There are compounds for various kinds of processing and protection of the tree.The method and the method of its application depends on the method. For example, the chemical method of exposure can be divided into several subparagraphs: "canning" and "antiseptic".
- The first method involves the introduction of various compositions in the inner layers of the tree. This method is used to fully protect the wood from the penetration of microbes and natural factors. It is carried out by three methods. Wood is impregnated in special baths (hot-cold). The raw material is affected by a vacuum, which is formed when temperature changes. The tree is immersed in a hot solution, in this way give moisture, which is located inside the trunk, to evaporate. Then the wood is placed in a cold solution. This allows the air that is in the wood to go outside. A vacuum appears inside the wood. Now the composition for wood impregnates it, influencing by atmospheric pressure.
- The second method involves the direct impact of special compounds on wood. A big plus of this method is its use, both when drying and harvesting raw materials, and at the time it is laid.Methods that imply antiseptic are different. They depend on the tree itself (the structure of its surface) and on the place of processing (independently or with the help of specialists). If you are processing the tree on your own, then this method of antiseptic, like applying compositions with a protective action manually, is ideal for you. How to apply protective drugs. Using a special brush or sprayer, applied to the surface of the wood. After this treatment, a layer of protection appears on the surface. It prevents the penetration of germs, moisture and fungi. It also has a refractory effect.
The second method is used by experts. Large special baths are filled with wood formulations. Alternately heated and cooled. The tree is soaked in them and soaked. Such an application of solutions, allows you to rid the tree of moisture, germs. It becomes stronger and more stable, under the influence of natural factors (fire, water, wind).
For each type of wood, different means will be suitable. There is such wood which needs to be subjected less to this or that preparations.For example: cedar, oak, pine and larch are the most resistant wood species. They are not so afraid of moisture and fungal diseases, like the rest. But at the same time, these types of wood are very difficult to imbue with protective substances. The same chemical composition of wood birch, ash and fir, is very dense. This creates difficulties in the treatment of these rocks with protective preparations.
The main thing is to know what kind of wood you will use. The method and the degree of its processing directly depend on this. So, the life and quality of raw materials used.
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