Why do you sweat a lot?
Have you ever encountered the problem of excessive sweating? In medicine, this disease is called hyperhidrosis, and doctors treat its treatment very seriously. If you want to get rid of this unpleasant problem, which causes difficulties in communicating with other people and contributes to the development of fungal and purulent infections, you need to find out why you sweat a lot.
Increased sweating can be both general and localized. Especially often localized hyperhidrosis affects the armpits, palms, soles and places of formation of large folds of the skin. Increased underarm sweating begins, as a rule, during puberty. Increased sweating of other parts of the body can begin much earlier, in very childhood.
Depending on what causes increased sweating, distinguish between primary and secondary hyperhidrosis.
Primary hyperhidrosis is a disease, the exact cause of which can not be established.In this case, it is possible to generalize that primary hyperhidrosis may be due to malfunctions of the sympathetic nervous system or caused by genetic mutations.
Sympathetic nervous system
It controls most of the body functions that do not require conscious decision making, such as the movement of food through the gastrointestinal tract or the movement of urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Also, the sympathetic nervous system works as a kind of body thermostat. If she feels that you are too hot, she will begin to send a signal from the brain to the millions of body sweat glands that it is necessary to begin the process of sweating. Sweat cools the skin and thereby reduces the overall body temperature.
It is believed that primary hyperhidrosis is directly related to the work of the merocrine glands. Since they are concentrated in large numbers in the armpits, palms, feet and face, this is the most logical explanation for why these areas suffer the most from sweating. According to this theory, when the functioning of the merocrine glands is disturbed, the brain sends signals to them even at those moments when there is no need to increase perspiration.
Since sometimes the primary hyperhidrosis is observed in several members of the same family at once, it is generally accepted that the disease can be genetically determined. In this case, hyperhidrosis can be transmitted from parents to their offspring.
If the doctor can determine the specific cause of excessive sweating, then we are talking about the so-called secondary hyperhidrosis. The reasons may be as follows:
- hyperthyroidism is a syndrome caused by increased activity of the thyroid gland;
- hypoglycemia - low blood sugar levels;
- use of certain drugs (most often antidepressants);
- drug use or alcohol abuse, a way out of the state of alcohol or drugs;
- the presence of infections such as tuberculosis, HIV, etc.
- Parkinson's disease;
- heart and lung disease;
- diseases of blood cells or bone marrow, such as, for example, leukemia.
Treatment of hyperhidrosis
Depending on how intense the sweating is, the following remedies and methods for treating hyperhidrosis are used:
- special deodorants with aluminum chloride;
- electrophoresis - the impact of electric current for the introduction of a particular drug and blocking sweat glands;
- anticholinergic drugs that replace the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, stimulating the work of the sweat glands;
- Botox is used in severe forms of hyperhidrosis. It blocks the nerves that stimulate the sweat glands;
- surgical intervention.
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