Why do we need introductory words?
Introductory words. Perhaps none of our article could not do without introductory words. Even the word "perhaps" used by us in the previous sentence is introductory. Today, dear reader, we are going to talk about the friends of every writer and intelligent person, about introductory words.
The role of introductory words in speech
Why do we need introductory words? Let's see what the introductory words are and why we might need them. First of all, as a rule, these words are not formally related to other members of the sentence. They express the author's attitude to what he says. Also, the introductory words indicate the source of the message, the way in which the narrator’s thoughts are formalized, and the different attitudes of thoughts within the same sentence or paragraph.
The introductory words are usually emphasized with a special intonation in speech. They have the character of preparation for the subsequent information and speak more quickly and with lower intonation than the rest of the sentence. They can relate to the entire proposal and to its individual parts.In the second case, the introductory word is placed immediately before the desired part of the sentence.
Let's talk a little about the functions of the introductory words and their purpose.
The introductory words are intended to express an assessment of the reliability of thought, and the assessment is made by the speaker himself. For example, confidence or, conversely, doubt. Here are some examples of introductory words expressing an assessment of reliability:
- Of course, James Cook knew where he was going, going on his journey.
- He probably wondered what to say before pronouncing his sentence.
- Perhaps we will return to the discussion of the issue after the break.
The introductory words also provide an assessment of the facts in terms of their ordinariness:
- We came to our favorite bar, and, as usual, we talked for a long time about current problems.
The introductory words are intended to express the feelings of the author. For example:
- Unfortunately, the project was not completed on time.
- Stepping on hard ground after 5 hours of swimming, we, to our amazement, found that our legs were bending, and there was almost no strength left.
- Jim was five minutes from the victory, but, unfortunately, luck left him at the most inopportune moment.
Often the introductory words are used to relate the thoughts of the narrator and combine them with a certain logic:
- However, one should not forget about the inequality factor of the formal positions of the leader and subordinates.
- On the other hand, Alexander the Great dealt not only with aggressors and colonizers, but also with a well-organized army of mercenaries.
- We get a formula that makes it possible to determine the values, therefore, we are one step away from success in solving our problem.
The introductory words and expressions are often one of the forms of design of the thoughts of the author.
- In short, the conclusions that emerged from the study do not carry any benefit.
- I understand your, so to speak, thrill in front of this picture, but do not forget about the meaning of other canvases.
- In a word, all our hopes were justified, in other words, we can congratulate our team on another victory at the World Championships.
Some introductory words and phrases express the expression of the author:
- To put it mildly, I can’t understand your position on this issue.
- It's no joke, but these actions led to such consequences that even the most desperate inventors could not imagine.
- I refuse, and it is better to say, I protest against the adoption of such a decision, because it contradicts all conceivable and inconceivable moral principles.
A large number of introductory words make reference to the source message of the author.
- According to the President, the third world countries are not obliged to tolerate constant ridicule in their address from the citizens of a higher level of development.
- We can live better, and, in my opinion, it depends only on each of us.
- From the point of view of Perls, a psychological internal conflict arises when there is a mismatch between the needs of the organism and external environmental requirements.
The introductory words often serve to attract the attention of the listener and to communicate to him the attitude of the author to the situation:
- Imagine, as soon as we launch the technology into production, there will be no release from customers!
- Maybe I'm wrong, but pardon me, why are you so insulting my friends?
- Let me, I have the right to completely and irrevocably change the decision and abandon our plans.
Sometimes the introductory words serve as alliances:
- I do not even guess who will first lay down their arms. Maybe they, maybe, we, maybe our allies.
- I lost a lot, however, and gained a lot.
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