Who is a samurai?
Japan is one of the most peculiar countries, with special customs, beliefs, culture, philosophy, nature, attitude to life. Even the military class in this country has a lot of differences. Let's try to figure out who is a samurai?
Origin of samurai
The word "samurai" comes from the verb "to serve," that is, it is a person who is in service. Initially, the servant of a large feudal lord (daimyo), who was guarding the owner (bodyguard) and his land, was so called. At the time of the war the servant became a warrior.
As the possessions expanded, small feudal lords, along with their lands, served in the service of the daimyo, forming his army. In the X-XII centuries., The time of internecine wars, the main Japanese feudal clans were formed, and the samurai who served with them stood out.
Thus, the samurai - this is the military feudal class.
Features of the knighthood of Japan
After the end of the civil war (XVI century) and the establishment of military rule (shogunate), samurai receive the status of a privileged class, following the social ladder behind the emperor and the aristocracy.
In accordance with the Bushido code (“The Way of the Warrior”), the samurai were courageous and honest. The main advantages were loyalty to the lord, respect and willingness to sacrifice life. The boys were brought up in the spirit of the codex: they hardened their body and spirit, they worked out their endurance, they studied the feats of famous commanders. They also comprehended science and art, right up to the exercises in poetry.
So who is a samurai? This is a real warrior, ready to forget about home, family, sacrifice himself in the name of the honor of the clan, and, if necessary, commit suicide (hara-kiri).
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