Where to start beekeeping
Why do you need bees
First you need to decide what you basically do beekeeping for. If you just want to have fresh honey and high-quality propolis for family and closest friends, 3-5 bee families will be enough for you. If you plan to make money by selling honey, you will need at least 10-15 bee colonies.
Where to locate an apiary
By choosing the site should be approached with all care. The most suitable for the installation of beehives are hilly places with uneven terrain. There honey plants bloom longer, it depends on the heating of the sun from different sides of the hills. On southern plants start to bloom earlier, on western and eastern ones a little later, on northern ones even later.
It is also good that in the case of hilly terrain, compared with the plain, the maximum collection area around the hive will be larger.
The site for the apiary should be located away from farms, large bodies of water, compost pits, fields treated with pesticides, high-voltage lines.It is better if there are no other apiaries near, as in this case there is a danger of transferring diseases and gathering bees.
If residential buildings are located nearby, it is advisable to fence the apiary with a two-meter high fence that is impenetrable. Then the bees will fly away to the honey collection, immediately gain altitude, and as a result disturb the neighbors less. Among other things, the fence protects from the wind, which changes the composition of the air in the hive in an unfavorable direction (there must be a special microclimate).
The location and structure of the hives
Today, there are many commercial hives of various designs on sale. For the first time, you can choose such typical houses for bees, and then, when experience comes, modify them yourself.
Choose hives, walls and the bottom in which are thicker than 40 millimeters: it will be easier for the bees to maintain the required temperature of 32-35 ° C, insects will be protected from cold and wind. Inside you need to put moss or straw, they will warm and absorb the moisture released by the bees.
The best hives are made of linden, aspen, fir and not very resinous pine. Outside they are covered with linseed oil, painted, and it is best in various colors, so that insects do not confuse their homes. For the same purpose, you can turn footways and tap holes in different directions.
Hives should not be placed too close to each other, optimally - at a distance of about two meters. Bee houses must be hidden from the scorching sun, otherwise the bees will give all their power to the ventilation of the hives and produce less honey.
You need to put the hives on a cleared of weeds, mount on wooden racks.
Clothing and equipment
Finding a place and buying hives with bees is half the battle. It is impossible to equip an apiary without special clothes and the necessary equipment. Work things should be dense and light, lint-free. Such clothes should not constrain your movements and let the bees pass to the body.
Novice beekeepers are advised to work in rubber gloves. When you have the necessary skills, you can refuse to use them. And without a face grid, even beekeepers should not approach bees. It is sometimes impossible to predict a bite, and if a bee stings in the eye, you can lose sight.And if you bite in other parts of the face and body, there is a risk of unpleasant consequences, such as, for example, an allergy.
As for the rest of the inventory, for the first time it is necessary to have a flue, a box in order to transfer the frames, the chisel, the painter, the bat, the wire, the knife, the honeycomb, the honey extractor and the swivel base. Everything else can be purchased later when the apiary begins to expand.
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