What is the epithet?
The concept of "epithet" comes from the Greek "epitheton", which in translation means "added or attached". Having repulsed from Greek, we will try to define what the epithet in Russian is. The epithet is a language means, the definition of a phenomenon or object (here you are, an appendix, an appendix to an object or phenomenon), but the definition is not simple, but artistic, “attached to the name of the subject for greater figurativeness.”
Answering the question of what an epithet is, we can also add that epithets used, as a rule, in works of art help, on the one hand, to better present phenomena or objects, on the other hand, convey the author’s mood, his attitude to what is being depicted, on the third, they allow to colorfully depict objects or phenomena described by the writer, emphasizing their unique features. Thanks to the epithet, we see, feel, hear the object, feel the attitude of the author.
Describing the epithet as a definition, we add that the definition is not logical, but figurative.For example, "blue skies" is an image. The epithet describes not only the color of the sky, it conveys the mood. Blue skies are light and joy and beauty. This is not a blue dress that Dasha or Katya put on, and not the blue eyes of a criminal from a police report. In the epithet "blue", attached to the noun "heaven", there is a scope, and spaciousness, and the feeling of flight.
What are epithets? Examples
For examples of epithets, first of all, it is necessary to turn, perhaps, to folk poetry, where, in fact, epithets once called permanent are born: kind young man, red girl, white swan, blue sea.
With the development of poetry, it must be said, the epithets also developed, becoming more and more beautiful, refined, sophisticated, unusual. Epithets began to be used both literally and figuratively. Consider, for example, the initial lines from the so-called Caucasian story "Fatima" by the Ossetian poet Kosta Khetagurov:
I woke up the royal Kazbek,
Sunrise welcoming ruddy ...
The epithet "royal" is more appropriate as a definition for a man, rather than for grief. There is a clear figurative meaning. The epithet "royal" is not accidentally used; it emphasizes the greatness of the mighty Caucasian summit. It is not by chance that another epithet is used - ruddy.It would seem to be rosy to be human, not dawn. But thanks to the place of the epithet used, we visibly present this rosy dawn, and we feel the author's enthusiastic attitude towards the majestic Caucasian nature.
Do poets, whatever you say, your own, unique world. They and the sail can be rebellious and lonely, like a man, a horse - pink, the Caucasus - gray. And all this together - epithets.
Let us try again to answer the question of what is an epithet? The epithet is a figurative adjective with which a picture of life is created in a work of art.
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