What does the frog do?
Frogs and their closest relatives of the toad are amphibian creatures, which means that they spend part of their lives on land and some in the water. Frogs were the first vertebrate animals that found their paws and reached the land, it happened about 300 million years ago. Since then, frogs have successfully spread around the globe and in our time do not live except in Antarctica.
In the European territory of our country, common frogs are the most common - small spotted creatures, whose average weight is 22 g, and the body length does not exceed 10 cm. In nature, such frogs usually live no more than five years.
What does the frog do in the warm season?
Adult frogs find food for themselves on land, they eat mostly beetles and insects of the order of Diptera. Tadpoles feed in water, where they catch insect larvae.
With the arrival of spring (late April), the frogs awaken from hibernation. 3-5 days after waking up, spawning begins. They prefer to lay eggs in quiet and shallow, well-warmed reservoirs.Males come to such places first, there they sing their marriage songs and call for females. Putting off caviar, grass frogs do not linger at water bodies with eggs, and disperse around the district in search of the best places for summer habitat.
In summer, frogs are especially active in the dark (the only exception is very cold nights). The period of the greatest activity in frogs begins at 11 o'clock in the evening, reaches a maximum at one in the morning and descends to a minimum by noon. In the summer, frogs lead a secluded life, sometimes they are removed from reservoirs for quite considerable distances, on hot summer days, frogs spend time in the shade of bushes, in thick grass, under stones or under tree roots. There they sit, with their whole body pressing against the damp, cold ground, and they are in a light daze, and with the onset of dusk they come to life and go hunting.
What does the frog do in winter
In the autumn, when the night temperature drops to zero, and frost appears on the grass in the morning, frogs begin to prepare for winter. They gather in groups and migrate closer to the places of future winterings - on the overgrown with reeds and sedge banks of rivers, swamps or lakes.
Most often, about three dozen frogs winter in one place, and frogs winter together, regardless of their age and gender.
When the water temperature drops below 6 ° C, the frogs sink to the bottom of the reservoirs. For wintering, they choose non-freezing or non-freezing bodies of water, prefer to hibernate under hanging banks, rocks, in thickets of aquatic vegetation or in thick bottom mud. There they spend the whole winter. During the winter match, the frog sits on the bottom, with its back legs under itself, and covers its head with its front paws. All this time she breathes the skin. On average, hibernation in grass frogs lasts five months.
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