If You Can't Do The Exercise At Basic Training What Happens?



They even went through basic training.

The US Marine Corps' adorable mascot, the English bulldog named Chesty XIV, in late August after five years of service.

He was replaced by Chesty XV, who made his first official appearance at a Marine Barracks parade on Aug. 31.

It's rather well-known that the Corps loves English bulldogs, but what's less well-known is why.

It all traces back to the famous World War I Battle of Belleau Wood. The Marines took heavy casualties during the nearly month-long, grueling fight on the Western Front.

But in the end, the Marines emerged victorious.

Here's the story.

The Battle of Belleau Wood began on June 6, 1918, about a dozen miles northeast of Paris. US General John J. Pershing ordered a counteroffensive to drive the Germans out of the area, with US Marines leading the first attack against four German divisions. By the end of the day, they had taken 1,000 casualties.

Members of the Marine Corps' 6th Machine Gun Battalion & French poilus near Belleau Wood. United States Naval Institute

For three weeks, the Marines launched several more assaults against the German lines, which were continually reinforced. On June 26, the Marines had beaten back the Germans from the northern part of Belleau Wood. But they had taken nearly 10,000 casualties as well.

The 1918 illustration "American Marines in Belleau Wood," by Georges Scott (1873-1943), depicts Marines in battle in June 1918. Wikimedia Commons

Because of the Marines' fierce fighting, the Germans were said to have dubbed them, "devil dogs.” But this was later debunked by Marine Corps historian Bob Aquilana.

US Marines of the 2nd Division, who first battle was fought in Belleau Wood, stand in the trenches during World War I. DVIDS

"The term very likely was first used by Marines themselves and appeared in print before the Battle for Belleau Wood," Aquilina Stars and Stripes in 2011. "It gained notoriety in the decades following World War I and has since become a part of Marine Corps tradition."

Nevertheless, the nickname continued to be printed on recruiting posters after the war. One thing was added alongside it: a growling English bulldog. And this is what led to the first Marine mascot, Sgt. Maj. Jiggs.

Sgt. Maj. Jiggs wearing a Marine Corps helmet. Marine Corps History Division Archives

In 1921, Marine Maj. Gen. Smedley D. Butler adopted Jiggs, who later became the Corps' official mascot in October 1922.

Maj. Gen. Smedley D. Butler and Jiggs pose during the filming of the Marine movie, “Tell it to the Marines,” in 1926. Marine Corps History Division Archives

Before Jiggs passed away in January 1927, the Corps continued the new English bulldog mascot tradition, ushering in the successor, Jiggs II.

Jiggs II (right) is sworn in as the new official Corps mascot next to Jiggs I. Marine Corps History Division Archives

Over the next three decades, the Corps' mascot would be named Smedley, after the famed Marine general. But in the late 1950s, the mascot was renamed Chesty after the legendary Marine, Lt. Gen. Lewis “Chesty” Puller.

Cpl. Chesty XIV gets promoted during a ceremony at Marine Barracks Washington DC on Aug. 29, 2014. US Marine Corps

For the next six decades, there would be 14 more official mascots named Chesty, and they all fulfilled their duties.

Sergeant Chesty XIV (right) and Pvt. Chesty XV (left) prepare to march down Center Walk during a Friday Evening Parade at Marine Barracks Washington DC on August 3, 2019. US Marine Corps

Such as attending parades...

US Vice President Mike Pence and Second Lady Karen Pence pet Chesty XIV following the Friday Evening Parade at Marine Barracks Washington DC on May 4, 2019. US Marine Corps

Ceremonies...

Pfc. Chesty XIV poses with the 35th Commandant of the Marine Corps Gen. James F. Amos at an Eagle, Globe and Anchor ceremony at Marine Barracks Washington on April 8, 2013. US Marine Corps

And participating in morale-boosting activities.

Cpl. Chesty XIV visits the Office of the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps at the Pentagon on June 25, 2015. US Marine Corps

They even went through basic training.

Chesty XIV at a ceremony marking the conclusion of his recruit training and basic indoctrination into the Corps in 2013.





Video: Arriving at Fort Jackson for Basic Training

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Date: 10.12.2018, 19:54 / Views: 83263