Mononucleosis: Symptoms and Treatment
The main signs of mononucleosis
The disease is an acute form of infection that the Epstein-Barr virus causes. Also, this virus can lead to the formation of malignant tumors, chronic fatigue syndrome, autoimmune disorders in the body. At risk are children aged from a year to 5 years. In more adult age the mononucleosis practically does not meet or meets in the erased clinical form. As a rule, the infection is transmitted by airborne droplets, through direct contact with a sick person, in utero from mother to child, through blood transfusion or transplantation of internal organs.
Symptoms appear depending on the stage of the disease. The incubation period lasts from 4 to 7 weeks and is accompanied by the penetration of the virus into the human body. The mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, cervix, upper respiratory tract, etc. are affected primarily.
At the next stage, lymph nodes begin to grow, but with palpation they practically do not cause pain. Also, an infected person may experience intoxication, increase body temperature to 40 ° C. When the virus spreads through the circulatory system, infection of new cells is observed, flowing into the lesion of the liver and spleen. This leads to the appearance of various rashes, yellowing of the skin and sclera, discoloration of urine and feces. Often against the background of the disease develops adenoiditis, tonsillitis, tonsillitis.
How to cope with infectious mononucleosis?
To make a correct diagnosis, you must pass a series of examinations. Mandatory procedure for taking oropharyngeal smears, blood test, saliva test, immunogram and others. Only after this, the infectious disease specialist prescribes a set of measures to restore body functions:
- Etiotropic treatment is aimed at the destruction of the infectious agent - "Arbidol", "Acyclovir", "Izoprinozin";
- patonenetic methods are necessary for blocking further reproduction of the pathogen and enhancing the human immune defense - “Viferon”, “Genferon”, “Interferon”, “Cycloferon”;
- antibiotics with the addition of funds to restore the intestinal microflora;
- antipyretic drugs, local antiseptics, antispasmodics, etc. are used to relieve symptoms.
After recovery, it is recommended to be observed by a doctor for at least six months, since during this period the infection can re-hit the weakened body. Regular examination of a pediatrician, otolaryngologist, cardiologist, infectious diseases specialist, hematologist, oncologist, and immunologist is required.
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