No more mistakes with MODALS! 3 Easy Rules
How to Understand School Models in Use in American Public Education
Those who live in one country may have trouble conceptualizing the school models in place in another country. What is agrade? What is aform? What is thisMiddle Schoolwe hear so much about? Here at wikiHow, readers encounter many terms identifying different stages of schooling. This article will allow readers to understand the school structures commonly in place in the USA. Note that schools are governed by state governments, so this article is to be seen as a rough guide, as there may be slight variations from state to state.
Know that public school in the USA typically spans 12 years, not including Kindergarten, and that each year of school is referred to as agrade.Children tend to begin in kindergarten and end school after the twelfth grade.
Be aware that public school preschool programs are becoming more and more common, such that some children will enter school at the age of three or four for preschool.Otherwise, the age to begin is set at five, although each state will have its own rules about when during the school year that fifth birthday must occur if the child is to be accepted for entrance to kindergarten.
Know that school attendance is compulsory only through the age of sixteen (in most states).No matter what grade a child has attained at this age, the child may leave school if so desired.
Understand that most school systems follow this pattern:
- Elementary school
- First Grade
- Second Grade
- Third Grade
- Fourth Grade
- Fifth Grade
- Middle school
- Sixth Grade
- Seventh Grade
- Eighth Grade
- High school
- Ninth Grade (Freshman Year)
- Tenth Grade (Sophomore Year)
- Eleventh Grade (Junior Year)
- Twelfth Grade (Senior Year)
- Elementary school
Know about the exceptions.Some smaller communities still have K-12 schools, where all grades are contained within one school building. Others follow a K-5 Elementary School/6-12 Junior/Senior High School model. In very rare cases, you will find a Primary School, which covers grades K-3, with an Upper Elementary taking children in Grades 4-5.
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