How to read knitting patterns?
There are two types of schemes - these are graphic schemes for designation of patterns and description schemes. Graphic recording of knitted patterns has advantages such as ease of use, clarity, compactness. The scheme drawn by symbols can be used by people, even those who do not know foreign languages. But there are drawbacks to the graphic record: there are no uniform rules for designating each type of loop, therefore the pattern design requires decoding the symbols; in reading the charts you need to have a skill; Some mating features need additional text explanation.
Nowadays, patterns of patterns are increasingly performed graphically. This is due to the fact that modern fashionable patterns for reproduction require many rows and different loops. If you use a test record of such a pattern, then it will take more than one page and all the elegance will be lost, and the probability of error will increase, the error will be difficult to find and fix.
Let us analyze how to read crochet patterns.Each pattern always has a specific number of loops and rows, both in width and height. The number of odd loops on the right of the diagram show how the front rows are executed, directed straight ahead. The number of even loops on the left side of the diagram is purlized rows directed backwards.
Simple drawings can be explained only by repeat, and for patterns of increased complexity, which include lace patterns, long and not always clear descriptions are required. Therefore, for knitting complex patterns easier to use scheme. The diagram shows what kind of loops to knit and how to arrange them. The scheme usually resembles the finished work, because the symbol in the scheme is approximately equal in size to one loop.
Schemes are usually read from below and moving up. But the first row is read from right to left, the next from left to right, further in the same way; circular rows need to read from right to left. Using the conventions in the diagrams, rapport is performed.
The main types of loops on the diagrams are presented in the form of such symbols: - oval - air loop, - filled oval - semi-column without nakida, - cross - column without nakida, - T - semi-column with nakida,- T with a cross line - a column with one double cover, - T with two cross lines - a column and two nakida, - T with three cross lines - a column and three nakida.
Before you begin to knit a pattern, you need to carefully consider the pattern and tie the pattern. Also on the diagrams there are additional symbols and symbols, for example: filled arrow, it indicates the beginning of work with circular knitting, not painted arrow - the junction of fragments, curved arrow shows the direction of work.
When circular knitting describes the first rows, the beginning of which is marked on the diagram with a number. Performing circular knitting, the diagram shows only a few repeating fragments, in the form of a wedge. The description usually indicates the number of repetitions of these wedges.
Consider how to learn to read knitting patterns. Craftswomen often have to get acquainted with the new pattern in several ways: from a detailed description of all knitted loops and as a diagram. When confronted with a pattern for the first time, you need to know how to read knitting patterns.
In the diagram, the loops are readable in the front rows, starting from the right and moving to the left and from left to right - in the wrong.Sometimes only facial rows are indicated in the scheme, then it is necessary to clarify that the purl rows are knitted in the same way as the loops already on the knitting needles, that is, where the face loop is, we knit the front loop, and where the wrong side is there.
In the schemes use the symbols of different loops. Here are some of them: - a cross is a front loop, - a diamond or a point is a seam loop, - a circle means a nakid, - a filled triangle means two loops tied with a seamy loop - an empty triangle with a right angle on the right side indicates two loops tied with a front loop , - an empty triangle with a right angle on the left indicates when one loop is taken off, and the next one is knitted from the front one and stretched the resulting loop through the one that has been removed - an empty square represents the garter stitch loops.
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