How to choose a router?
Nowadays, a computer in a house is far from a luxury, for some it is even a few. Also now very fashionable are devices such as a tablet, game console, HD player and a communicator, which require full access to the Internet for full uninterrupted operation. If your home has only one cable for connecting to the world wide web, then you probably have a question, how to make the network available on all devices? The easiest way to do this is to choose a router or router. How to choose a router, what concepts to rely on when choosing, and also what constitutes this device, consider below.
What is a router?
A router is a special device that can transmit and receive data according to certain rules. With it, you can combine multiple PCs into a local network, as well as provide access to the network for each of the devices. Routers are compact, they are able to save you from curling wires on the floor that interfere with walking.In simple terms, acquiring a router, you acquire a universal device that integrates all your machines into one single network, giving all of them access to the Internet.
Which router to choose
All of the above is only the basic functionality of the router; if you look deeper, you will see that devices with a huge number of additional functions are provided on the market. Consider some of them:
- Wireless Internet access (Wi-Fi)
- External storage support (via USB)
- Connecting a printer or MFP (via USB)
- Connect 3G modem (via USB)
- Torrent client that allows you to distribute and download data, without including a computer
- IPTV support - some providers are actively providing this service, which makes it possible to watch digital television.
- Shaper traffic support that allows you to distribute the channel between users, set a priority for each. The presence of such is relevant if in your large family there are avid gamers.
- VPN tunnel support that allows you to create a secure virtual network with a remote office.
The modern market is full of a wide range of offers.The variation in prices for devices is quite decent, which is related to their performance and the components that they use. Which router to choose for home? Answering this question it should be noted that conditionally all routers can be divided into amateur (home), as well as professional (industrial). Homemade router models are much cheaper. If you think about it, you will notice that many of the functions of industrial routers remain unclaimed at home, so why overpay?
Where to begin
First, determine the price category and count the number of devices connected to the router, and also decide which connection method you will use. Consider this point in more detail.
By the type of connection, routers are divided into Ethernet and ADSL, if you don’t know yourself which one is right for you, contact your provider in order not to buy an absolutely unnecessary thing. Ethernet is usually cheaper than ADSL. Some providers use special VPN protocols, in which case you need to have L2TP and PPTP in the router.
How to choose a Wi-Fi router
Most modern routers support both LAN and Wi-Fi interfaces. LAN is a connection made through a network cable. Usually the router has 4 ports for connecting devices, but if you need to connect more machines, it makes sense to choose a router with a large number of USB ports.
If you have a laptop or smartphone at home, then for you, of course, it is necessary that the router be equipped with a Wi-Fi interface, that is, it supports a very convenient wireless data transfer.
- 802.11b.g - up to 54 Mbit per second
- 802.11N-Draft - up to 150 Mbit per second
- 802.11N - up to 300 Mbit per second
It’s best to give preference to a 802.11N router. The letter "N" means that the data transfer rate is up to 300 Mbps. In addition to good bandwidth, 802.11N has a huge range. If you have a large enough house - definitely choose 802.11N.
The main part of the routers is equipped with 100 Mbit / s ports, if you need more bandwidth (you may have a NAS server), pay attention to more expensive models, which have 1000 Mbit / s ports.
Other options when choosing a router
- DHCP protocol. The range of antennas, as well as their power, will also affect the range of your new device. It is very good if the router chosen by you can perform the role of a DHCP server. DHCP is responsible for getting devices IP addresses, which will help you save time on manually setting all parameters. When choosing a router, also note that many devices can also act as a so-called firewall, thereby allowing you to restrict access to selected sites and proxy servers.
- Print server When choosing a router, an undeniable advantage will be the availability of a print server. In this case, you can connect to it a printer and print documents from any PC connected to the network. Some routers are equipped with a special USB-interface, you can connect any external USB-drive, and then quietly download various torrents, not including the computer.
Now you know how to choose a router for your home. From the above it is obvious that choosing a good router is not that difficult. Having decided on the choice that fits your financial capabilities and needs, you will be able to access the Internet simultaneously from several devices.You can also organize in your apartment a local network that allows you to play network games, share files and much more.
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