Choking, what to do?
Asphyxia, scientifically called asphyxia, can suddenly develop in a seemingly healthy person for a variety of very different reasons. Accordingly, the methods of dealing with suffocation will differ somewhat from each other depending on the factors causing it. Therefore, let's talk about them in more detail before proceeding directly to the discussion of the main topic of our conversation about what to do if a person suffocates.
The main causes of asphyxia
- Asphyxiation can cause any mechanical obstruction to the air going to the lungs. This may be a foreign body that has entered the pharynx or larynx, vomit (in case of severe food poisoning), as well as blood or broken teeth, if a person has received a maxillofacial injury.
- Violations that occur in the medulla oblongata as a result of intoxication of the body with drugs, some poisons or carbon monoxide, can inhibit the activity of the respiratory center located in it and cause suffocation.
- Functional disorders of the respiratory muscles, such as paralysis or involuntary jerky contractions, can also cause asphyxiation.
- Respiratory disorders can occur as a result of electric shock, lightning, drowning, sunstroke, or mechanical pressure from the chest of a person caught in a crush.
- Some diseases, such as bronchitis, asthma, false croup or diphtheria, can also provoke attacks of breathlessness.
Symptoms of asphyxia
In the initial stage of asphyxiation, the respiratory movements become deeper and more frequent. Auxiliary muscles are connected to the work, as a result of which one can visually observe the retention of intercostal spaces. The inhale becomes noisy and whistling. The face turns pale or blue, the skin becomes pale and moist, cyanosis of the lips and nail plates becomes noticeable. The pulse drastically increases or slows down on the contrary, cardiac activity falls, the patient falls into a stage of extreme arousal, after which, if no active resuscitation is performed, he loses consciousness.
Having dealt with the main causes of asphyxiation and its symptoms, we can move on and proceed to specific recommendations on how you should act in such a situation when someone suddenly exclaims with you: “Help! I choke! What to do? Consider further.
Help with choking
- If a person is conscious and can talk, try to find out the cause of suffocation from him first and, in accordance with the information received, try to help him.
- With an attack of bronchial asthma, the patient should be seated, if possible, provide him with air flow, you can attach a heating pad to his feet, put mustard plasters on his back below the scapular region, give him medications or inhaler, which all asthmatics usually carry around.
- If choking is caused by allergic edema of the larynx, give the patient any antihistamine you have and immediately call a doctor! When an attack can not be stopped, and there is no medical assistance, self-administer two milliliters of Prednisolone intramuscularly to the patient, this will help him to wait for the arrival of the doctor.
- In the event of suffocation caused by carbon monoxide, freon or ammonia poisoning, the injured person must immediately be taken to fresh air and given artificial respiration until the ambulance team arrives.
- The following advice is for parents who do not know what to do if the child suffocates choking on some small object.Sit down and lay your baby face down on the forearm, so that his head is lower than the body. With the base of your palm, gently, but rather sharply, hit the child five times between the shoulder blades. As a rule, this is enough for a foreign body to escape from the respiratory tract. If this does not happen, turn the child over, place two middle fingers against the center of its sternum and quickly press it five times. If this has not had the desired effect, continue your actions until the arrival of the doctor.
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